The following is based upon John’s Revelation Unveiled by Francis Nigel Lee (Ligstryders: Lynnwoodrif, South Africa)
1 And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore. Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads, and on his horns were ten diadems, and on his heads were blasphemous names.
Nigel Lee says,
“As the Calvinistic Geneva Bible comments about this first Beast of Revelation chapter thirteen: “Here is a description of the Roman Empire, which stands in [or consists of] cruelty and tyranny.”The ‘seven Heads’ signify “Rome because it was first governed by seven Kings or Emperors after Nero, and also is compassed about with seven mountains.” And the Roman Empire’s ‘ten Horns’ are said to “signify many provinces.” (pg. 153)…Now here, the Post-Constantinian Roman Beast standing on the edge of the Wilderness (and seen at the end of Revelation chapter twelve) [The Dragon/The Devil-DS] seems to call forth a similar Beast from the Sea (seen at the beginning of Revelation chapter thirteen). At any rate, according to the Calvinistic Geneva Bible, the First Beast of Revelation thirteen having blasphemy upon its Heads and wearing crowns upon its Horns is not Nero but “seven Kings or Emperors after Nero.” (For the Calvinistic Geneva Bible is not Preteristic but Historicalistic.) Revelation thirteen’s Post-Neronian blasphemous Beast wearing ten crowns not on its seven Heads but upon its ten Horns (which grew out of only one of the later Heads) [Dan. 7:7,24; Rev. 17:3,10-12; See also Footnote 581 of Nigel Lee], strongly resembles the red and dragonlike creature described at the beginning of Revelation chapter twelve. For both have seven Heads and ten crowns; both are infused with the evil spirit of that old Dragon and Serpent the Devil; and both are apparently aspects of the Ancient Roman World. Indeed, both Revelation twelve’s red and dragonlike creature and Revelation thirteen’s first Beast are ‘ancestors’ also of Revelation thirteen’s second Beast (which looks like a lamb but which speaks like a dragon). More-over, together with that second ‘lamb-like’ Beast they are ‘ancestors’ also of the later or third and “scarlet-coloured Beast full of names of blasphemy, having seven Heads and ten Horns” the Beast that then carries, and then carries, the Papal-Romish Whore. (pg. 154)
2 And the beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion. And the dragon gave him his power and his throne and great authority. 3 I saw one of his heads as if it had been slain, and his fatal wound was healed. And the whole earth was amazed and followed after the beast; 4 they worshiped the dragon because he gave his authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast, and who is able to wage war with him?” 5 There was given to him a mouth speaking arrogant words and blasphemies, and authority to act for forty-two months was given to him. 6 And he opened his mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme His name and His tabernacle, that is, those who dwell in heaven.
7 It was also given to him to make war with the saints and to overcome them, and authority over every tribe and people and tongue and nation was given to him. 8 All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been slain. 9 If anyone has an ear, let him hear. 10 If anyone is destined for captivity, to captivity he goes; if anyone kills with the sword, with the sword he must be killed. Here is the perseverance and the faith of the saints. 11 Then I saw another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb and he spoke as a dragon. 12 He exercises all the authority of the first beast in his presence. And he makes the earth and those who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed. 13 He performs great signs, so that he even makes fire come down out of heaven to the earth in the presence of men. 14 And he deceives those who dwell on the earth because of the signs which it was given him to perform in the presence of the beast, telling those who dwell on the earth to make an image to the beast who *had the wound of the sword and has come to life.15 And it was given to him to give breath to the image of the beast, so that the image of the beast would even speak and cause as many as do not worship the image of the beast to be killed. 16 And he causes all, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, and the free men and the slaves, to be given a mark on their right hand or on their forehead, 17 and he provides that no one will be able to buy or to sell, except the one who has the mark, either the name of the beast or the number of his name. 18 Here is wisdom. Let him who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for the number is that of a man; and his number is s ix hundred and sixty-six.
Nigel Lee says,
“The Pope restored the fallen Roman Empire…. It [the thus-restored Empire] is an image of the Roman Empire, rather than the body of the Empire as it once was. Nevertheless, he [the Pope] puts spirit and life into this image…and actually operates it to some extent. This is the image [of that] which was wounded, but did live” or still kept on surviving nevertheless…Now the red and dragonlike monster at the beginning of Revelation chapter twelve wears seven crowns upon its seven Heads. The latter, seven mountains and seven Kings, represent Pre-Constantinian Pagan Rome. Thus Tertullian, Victorinus, Pareus, Mede, the Calvinistic Dordt Dutch Bible, Tillinghast, Goodwin, and Matthew Henry etc. Yet the Roman ‘Sea Beast’ at the Beginning of Revelation chapter thirteen no longer wears its crowns upon its seven Heads. Nor does it have only seven but fully ten crowns. Indeed, it wears those ten crowns not upon its seven Heads but upon its ten Horns apparently all of which grow out of only one of the Heads its seventh or youngest and latest Head which succeeded the previous ones. [With passing time the horns and crowns get consolidated-DS] The great Puritan, Rev. Professor Dr. Joseph Mede, points this out. So too does Hengstenberg: “The ten Horns [in Revelation 13:1], which denote ten Kings (chapter 17:12) that is, ten Kingdoms do not exist along with the Heads [alias all seven Heads]. But they sit upon the seventh Head.” [Nigel Lee, pg. 155-DS]…This clearly points to an Early-Mediaeval tenfold dismemberment or “deadly wound[ing]” of the only-nominally-christianized Roman Empire after the Fall of Rome in the fifth century A.D. Thus: Irenaeus, Hippolytus, the Venerable Bede, Walafrid Strabo, Waldo, Luther, Melanchthon, Knox, and many other Theologians.” [Nigel Lee, pg. 156-DS]…
“So this first Roman monster alias the Sea-Beast is immediately followed and kept ‘alive’ by the second (or ‘lamb-like) Beast’ mentioned in the latter half of Revelation thirteen. This second Beast, the Papacy which looks like a two-horned lamb but speaks like a dragon revives and perpetuates the commemoration of the first Roman monster alias the Sea-Beast.
The next Roman monster (of Revelation chapter seventeen) is the international political Beast of “peoples and multitudes and Nations and tongues” after the Papal-Romish scarlet Whore (alias the ‘lamb-like Beast’ of Revelation thirteen) has mounted it and sought to steer it particularly from the time of the papal crowning of Emperor Charlemagne at the beginning of the ninth century onward. [Nigel Lee, pg. 157-DS]
Second. This continuity between the various Roman Beasts of Revelation chapters twelve and thirteen and seventeen, however although it applies to Rome throughout most of the period of her historical development applies not only to Rome. It also reaches back even to Ancient Babylon itself and even stretches forward to the religious establishments and/or political dictatorships also of today and tomorrow.
For the Beast mentioned at the beginning of Revelation chapter thirteen, does in fact symbolize all of the successive heathen World Empires of the past (and perhaps all those of the future too). For like all four of Daniel’s Beasts, the First Beast of Revelation thirteen also rose up “out of the Sea” out of the troubled Heathen World….
For, as the Calvinistic Geneva Bible rightly comments: “By these Beasts are signified the Macedonians, Persians and Chaldeans whom the Romans overcame.” Yet throughout, “the Dragon” alias Satan himself gave the Babylonian-Medopersian-Grecian-Roman World-imperial Beast both its religious as well as its political power. For the Devil gave both the Beast and its throne or “its seat” very “great authority.”As the Calvinistic Geneva Bible once again comments, the Dragon which gave the First Beast of Revelation thirteen its power, “is the Devil.” [Nigel Lee, pg. 158-DS]…
Third. We are told that but one of the seven Heads of this ‘Antichristian’ Beast, was then “wounded to death.” Here again, inasmuch as this was a deadly wound, the supposition is that the seven Heads of the Beast were successive rather than contemporaneous and that the first six Heads were by then all defunct. For otherwise, the remaining six Heads if they themselves had still been functioning could easily have kept the Beast alive. And in that case, its wound would then not have been “deadly” or mortal. Yet being successive, the seven Heads probably signify not merely seven Roman Emperors. But as can be seen from the other lion-like and leopard-like and bear-like and dragon-like parts of that same Beast the latter far rather seems to represent seven successive World Empires. Accordingly, the Head that was “wounded to death” at that time was the Roman Head of a successive series of seven Ancient World Empires. Such would then be: the Egyptian, the Assyrian, the Babylonian, the Medo-Persian, the Grecian, the Pagan-Roman, and the modern Papal Empire. For the wounded Head is the sixth or Roman Head that was already ruling in John’s own day. [Nigel Lee, pg. 159-DS]…
Fourth. The international political Beast’s sixth or Pagan-Roman Head endured from the fall of the Grecian Empire prior to 64 B.C., right down to the emergence of the lamb-like Beast alias the Papacy after the destruction of Rome at the hands of the Goths in the fifth century A.D. This shows that it was during this time that the Roman Head (as distinct from the Beast-as such alias the successive series of World Empires), was “wounded to death.” Indeed, it was only during that (Gothic) age that the Beast was now said to be rising up out of the Sea the great Sea of Nations. And it was only after this Fall of Rome to the Goths that the previously-monolithic Roman Empire began to break up into the ten provinces or kingdoms of Early-Mediaeval Western Europe represented by the Beast’s ten Horns each wearing a crown.
Certainly the Pre-Constantinian Pagan-Roman Empire was also wounded to death in principle when Christ Himself was wounded to death in practice before He rose again three days later. And, again like the resurrected Christ Who revived after His death also the ‘resurrected’ Beast’s deadly “wound was healed.”This occurred when the Pagan-Roman Empire remarkably continued for centuries, even after Calvary. Yet this is not one of the many events to which Revelation thirteen is referring. Once more. The Roman Beast was later yet again “wounded to death” at its nominal christianization during the fourth century after Emperor Constantine’s conversion to Christianity. However, even this “deadly wound was healed” in the subsequent apostasization of much of the Visible Christian Church after Emperor Theodosius (thus Matthew Poole), and under the influence of wicked Emperors such as Julian the Apostate and specially the cruel Phocas. Thus the Roman Empire was “wounded to death” by the Fall of Rome to the Goths in A.D. 476. This is perhaps the central meaning of the text here at this point. [I am looking forward to the present state of things when our collapsing economy in the USA will have to submit itself to Rome and in so doing the Pope’s wound will be healed again-DS]
However, even that barbarian and “deadly wound” was “healed” once more. That occurred when political Rome was ‘resurrected from the dead’ and re-emerged under the Papacy as the so-called ‘Holy Roman Empire’ with its ten Kingdoms of Europe (namely England, France, Germany, Switzerland, Portugal, Spain, Italy, Austria, Central Europe, and Eastern Europe). The above-mentioned ten Kingdoms do seem to be represented here by the Beast’s ten crowned Horns or Hings or Kingdoms. For those ten Kingdoms grew precisely out of the very Head the sixth or Roman one which received the deadly wound. [Nigel Lee, pg. 160-DS]…
It is, therefore, particularly this A.D. 476 wounding which is probably being referred to here. For historically, it was precisely after the division of the later Roman Empire into ten Romish Kingdoms since 476A.D. that the deadly wound was indeed healed particularly by the next mentioned and ‘lamb-like’ Beast of the Romish Papacy…”From that demise, the Antichrist finally brought forth his kingdom when Emperor Justinian around 550 drove off these barbarian Nations…and exalted the Bishop of Rome anew, whom the cruel Emperor Phocas pronounced to be Universal Bishop [alias sole Pope] in the year 606[-666f A.D.]. “Thereby the wound in the Head of the Beast was again healed, and he was revered among all Nations…. This wound was fully healed by Pepin and Charlemagne, who around 700-800 enthroned the Bishop of Rome in his full possession when the ten Kings who arose with him added their power to him.”…
Note that after the attention-demanding Islamic scourge had been stopped in France in A.D. 732 by Charles Martel, his son Pepin the Short had his own coronation approved by Pope Zacharias…[Nigel Lee, pg. 161-DS]…
Indeed, that was to be followed by Pope Leo III’s coronation of Pepin’s son Charles as the Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne in A.D. 800 in return for Charlemagne’s recognition of the Pope as the ultimate Head of all temporal and political power. By the time of Charlemagne’s death in A.D. 814 his ‘Holy Roman Empire’ embraced Northern Italy and Spain, France,Belgium, the Netherlands, and much of Germany and Austria. At that same time, the Byzantine or Eastern Roman Empire comprehended the Balkans, Asia Minor, and Southern Italy. And the Islamic Empire then stretched from India through to Northwest Africa and on into Southern Spain.
The so-called ‘Holy Roman Empire’ lasting from the time of the first clearly-recorded Pope (the 590-604 Gregory) in the seventh almost down to the sixteenth century and the Reformation was powerful. In conjunction with its papal teammate, “there was given to it a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies. And power was given to it to continue forty-two months” during which time the true saints would be persecuted…
Sixth. This Sea-Beast is political Rome and the continuation of the Fourth Beast in Daniel’s vision. The Beast blasphemously demands political homage throughout the then-known World of the ‘Holy Roman Empire’ (sic). Yet the Beast has power for only ‘forty-two months.’ For, as theCalvinistic Geneva Bible rightly comments: “Antichrist’s time and power, is limited.” (Nigel Lee, pg. 162-DS)…
The lamb-like Beast would come up not as any one particular Pope but as the centuries-lasting institution of the Babylonish-Roman-Romish Papacy. It would finally include even all of her romanizing Pseudo-Protestant daughters which themselves later apostasize from Biblical Protestantism…[Nigel Lee, pg. 165-DS]…Rome’s Pope alias the ‘Lamb-like-Beast’ alias the Babylonish Whore “exercises all the power of the First Beast” and “causes the Earth and those who dwell there to bow down to the [First] Beast…And the Papal Beast wields the tyranny of image-worship or idolatry over the people. [Nigel Lee, pg. 166-DS]…Now this Second and ‘lamb-like’ Beast demands homage and obeisance. He gives a “mark” to his slaves. Here the Calvinistic Geneva Bible comments that the Papacy’s “chrismatories, graisings, vows, oaths and shavings are signs” or marks of submission to him. [Nigel Lee, pg. 167-DS]…Now many have identified the “666″ in Rev. 13:18 with Lateinos alias ‘the Latin one’ and/or Romith alias ‘the Roman one’ and/or Papa alias ‘Pope.’ [Nigel Lee, pg. 169-DS]
1 Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke with me, saying, “Come here, I will show you the judgment of the great harlot who sits on many waters, 2with whom the kings of the earth committed acts of immorality, and those who dwell on the earth were made drunk with the wine of her immorality.” 3 And he carried me away in the Spirit into a wilderness; and I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. 4 The woman was clothed in purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a gold cup full of abominations and of the unclean things of her immorality, 5 and on her forehead a name was written, a mystery, “BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH.” 6And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus. When I saw her, I wondered greatly. 7 And the angel said to me, “Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman and of the beast that carries her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns.
8 “The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the abyss and go to destruction. And those who dwell on the earth, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, will wonder when they see the beast, that he was and is not and will come. 9 Here is the mind which has wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sits, 10 and they are seven kings; five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come; and when he comes, he must remain a little while. 11The beast which was and is not, is himself also an eighth and is one of the seven, and he goes to destruction. 12 The ten horns which you saw are ten kings who have not yet received a kingdom, but they receive authority as kings with the beast for one hour. 13 These have one purpose, and they give their power and authority to the beast.
14 These will wage war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will overcome them, because He is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those who are with Him are the called and chosen and faithful.”
15 And he *said to me, “The waters which you saw where the harlot sits, are peoples and multitudes and nations and tongues. 16 And the ten horns which you saw, and the beast, these will hate the harlot and will make her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh and will burn her up with fire. 17For God has put it in their hearts to execute His purpose by having a common purpose, and by giving their kingdom to the beast, until the words of God will be fulfilled. 18 The woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the earth.”
Nigel Lee says,
“by the remarkable providences of that same God the ten Horn-kingdoms of the international Beast would themselves finally turn against ‘Babylon.’ [Rev. 17:3,12-14 cf. 12:11 & 19:15-21, pg. 207-DS]
…The scarlet-coloured Beast is Rome…The Beast’s seven Heads are Kingdoms whether those of Pagan Roman Emperors, of the ‘Holy Roman Empire’ (thus Adam Clarke), or of an international Neo-Roman Empire (thus Barnes and the Afrikaans Bible with Explanatory Notes). The ten Horns on the Beast, are Nations (thus Luther and Conradus). All in all, the Beast is intimately associated with Antichrist (thus the A.D. 650 Andreas of Caesarea, the Venerable Bede (700f), and Walafrid Strabo (840) and specifically with the Papacy (thus Cranmer, Napier, and Adam Clarke). [pg. 208-DS]…We believe, however, that Rev. ch. 17 nevertheless centrally refers to the “last” stages (cf. Rev. 15:1 & 17:1) of Papal Romanism as the later “apostate ‘Jerusalem’” to which John was referring ever since Rev. ch. 9:20 (cf. nn. 408 & 581 & 611). Here are our reasons for this view.
(1) In Rev. 13 (q.v.), the second or Papal Beast out of the Earth comes in the place of the first or Roman Imperial Beast that arises out of the sea. The Beast in Rev. 17 is clearly a continuation of the second or Romish-Papal Beast of Rev. 13, but at a rather later stage of its development. Rev. 15:1 cf. 17:1f.
(2) In Rev. 12:1,6,14 the True Church alias the bride of the Lamb with the names of the twelve ‘patriarchal’ stars on her forehead, is in the Wilderness (Ereemos) of God’s protection. But in Rev. 17:3,5,18 the Romish Anti-christ’s False-Church alias the Whore with the Babylonic name on her forehead, is in the “Wilderness” (Ereemos) of sin.
(3) In Rev. 15:1 & 17:1f, one of the seven Angels with the seven last plagues shows John the great Whore a top the Beast or Theerion in the city of ‘Babylon.’ But in Rev. 21:9f, one of the same Angels with the seven last plagues contrasts the above by now showing John the true bride of the lamb or Arnion in the ‘City of God.’
(4) In John’s Gospel, it is the word Amnos which is always used for ‘Lamb.’ But in John’s Revelation, the word used for ‘Lamb’ is Arnion in onomatopoeic contrast with the word for ‘Beast’ (Theerion) as in the phrases hee Pornee and to Theerion in contrast to the phrases hee Nymphee and to Arnion in Rev. 17:1-3 &19:2,7,20 & 21:2,9 & 22:17.
(5) Even the greatest of all Romish Theologians, Thomas Aquinas, believed Rev. 17′s “Whore” to be a teacher of heresy [and therefore a corrupt 'Church'] ”habens poculum, id est, erronem doctrinae; hoc maxime in hereticis locum habet” (Bossuet’s Preface sur l’Apocalypse on ch. 17).
[Nigel Lee, pg. 209 fn-DS]..
Even the eminent Romish Historian and Statesman the Duc de Broglie stated in his famous book History of the Church (VI:434 & VI:456): “The Popes mounted the throne voided by the Caesars.” Thus the Popes “grasped, little by little, the place left vacant deserted by the successor of Augustus.”… Moreover, as time goes on the great Whore of the Romish Papacy produces also a whole litter of Daughter-Whores. Cf. Ezekiel 16:44-57 and Hosea 2:2 & 4:12f. For Neo-’Babylon’ is “the Mother of Harlots.” Revelation 17:5. [Nigel Lee, pg. 210-DS] As many of the finest Protestant (and even some Romish) Bible commentators declare: Papal Romanism is the Mother of Whores and, here, is herself called “Babylon the Great.” For she whorishly and progressively absorbs and syncretizes all the Pseudo-Christian (and ultimately also very many of the Non-Christian) religious elements already described and noted at the end of the previous chapter right after the outpouring of the sixth vial of the seven last plagues. Second. After hearing the Angel’s description, John was actually shown a vision of the Papacy at the height of her powers. Wrote John of the Angel: “So he carried me away in the Spirit, into the wilderness. And I saw a woman sitting upon a scarlet-coloured Beast, full of names of blasphemy. It had seven Heads and ten Horns.” This represents an advanced stage of History. Toward the end of Revelation chapter twelve, we found a description of the birth of the Papacy at the end of the early centuries of the Christian Church when the latter was forced to flee into the Wilderness to avoid imperial and papal persecution.
In Revelation chapter thirteen, we were given a description of the later growth of the Papacy in her healing of the wound of the international political Beast of the so-called “Holy Roman Empire” and also of her own gradual absorption of that Beast’s politico-economic functions. However, here in Revelation chapter seventeen we are given a description of the still-later Papal control of the international political Beast. Here in Revelation chapter seventeen, the Whore is still masquerading as the woman in the “wilderness” and thus is still claiming to be the TrueChurch of Christ. Yet now, she is in fact seated or enthroned on top of the Beast with the ten Horns. She herself is (as it were) the ‘eleventh’ or ‘stout and arrogant Horn’ in Daniel’s vision. [Rev. 17:1,3,7,15,18 cf. Dan. 7:7f,20-24 -DS] For the Whore is now seen to be steering and guiding the international political Beast and she has it carry her wherever she would have it go. For now she “reigns” and “reigns over the Kings of the Earth.” [Nigel Lee, pg. 213-DS]…
Fourth. John was given an explanation of the Beast with the seven Heads and ten Horns which carried the Whore. This Beast with the seven Heads or Kings or Kingdoms (alias kinds of government) is the successive series of political World-Empires “that was, and is not, and yet is.”That is the same Beast already described in earlier chapters. That Beast “was” before Calvary. It “is not,” ever since it was ‘slain’ through Christ’s resurrection. “And yet [it] is,” even thereafter. For its deadly wound was inflicted by Christ’s death and resurrection (and further by Constantine’s resultant accession). Yet later, it was to be healed (particularly by the Papacy) so that it would even thereafter continue to live on.[Nigel Lee, pg. 215-DS]…
Now these seven “Mountains” are not just seven so-called ‘Mountain-like’ Leaders of Ancient Rome from the end of the Roman Republic down to the time of the Apostle John viz. Pompey, Julius Caesar, Octavian alias Augustus, Tiberius, Caius alias Caligula, Claudius, and Nero.For in Revelation seventeen, these seven “Mountains” are also identified with seven “Heads” or seven “Kings” alias Kingdoms. Thus they are also and even especially the seven successive Kingdoms alias World Empires since the first apostate World-Empire of Nimrod in Ancient Babylon right down to the last apostate World-Empire of the revived and World-embracing Babylonianism of the great Whore Papal Rome and all her apostate Pseudo-’Protestant’ Daughters andFellow-Harlots.
Of these World-Empires (explained the Angel to John in that Apostle’s own own time), “five are fallen” namely the Ancient Egyptian,the Assyrian, the Neo-Babylonian, the Medo-Persian, and the Grecian. “And one is” namely the Imperial Roman (thus Matthew Poole and Albert Barnes). That World-Empire was still standing in the first century (A.D.) when John was writing these inspired words. It would finally perish with the deposition of the Emperor Romulus Augustulus by the Barbarian Invader Odoacer, in A.D. 476.
Noted John in his own day: “The other [or seventh World-Empire] has not yet come.”That would be the Papal-Romish Empire. Thus Joachim of Floris, Dante, the early Protestant Reformers, and many others. When it did come, it would mark the A.D. 606f ‘rebirth’ of ‘Babylonianism.’ Thus Osiander, Flaccius Illyricus, Bale, Brightman, James the First, Joseph Mede, John Cotton, Holyoake, Cressener, Gerhard, Helwig, Jurieu, Alsted, Phillipot, Cotton Mather, Matthew Henry, Sir Isaac Newton, Bishop Thos. Newton, Backus, B.H. Carroll, and others.
Furthermore, explained John, after the above seven Kings or Kingdoms or World-Empires “the Beast that was, and is not even he is the eighth.”
This is: the Imperialist State (thus Matthew Henry); the Holy Roman Empire (thus Adam Clarke); the Papacy in interaction with the international Empire”. [Nigel Lee, pg. 216-DS]
So is everything hopeless? Are we to see the coming Papal Empire and despair unto death? No! This is then the summary of the fall of Romanism as given in John’s Revelation Unveiled by Dr. Francis Nigel Lee,
“This receiving of sovereignty by the in-John’s-time ten future Kingdoms refers to the fragmentation of the Roman Empire after the fall of the Imperial Rome of Caesar Romulus Augustulus to Odoacer in A.D. 476, and its subsequent division into the ten Kingdoms later to become the so-called ‘Holy Roman Empire.’ This corresponds to the development of those ‘Kingdoms’ later gaining sovereignty (as ten crowned Horns). So the ten Horns represent ten Kingdoms. Thus Irenaeus, Osiander, Bale, Bellarmin, Blasius Viegas, Pareus, Grotius, Hammond, John Cotton, Roger Williams, Holyoake, Increase Mather, Matthew Poole, Samuel Sewall, Cotton Mather, Noyes, Matthew Henry, Bishop Thomas Newton, John Brown of Haddington, Timothy Dwight, G.S. Faber, Thomas Scott, Cunninghame, James Begg, Jenks’s Comprehensive Bible, Louis Gaussen, Albert Barnes, B.H. Carroll, and many others. More specifically, those ten ‘Horn-Kings’ are countries specifically in Western Europe. Adam Clarke identifies the Beast’s ten Horns with “future Latin Western Europe.” So too even the A.D. 400 Jerome, the ninth century Berengaud, the 1560 Geneva Bible, the 1639 Dordt Dutch Bible, and even the 1650f Roman Catholic commentator Bossuet. Yet it was only later that those thus-crowned Nations would achieve unification of purpose by surrendering some of their sovereignty to (and thus jointly reigning with) the international political Beast as such. Cf. Emperors Pepin and Charlemagne and the mediaeval Popes Innocent and Boniface). Only when that had finished happening would the great Whore of the Babylonian Papacy mount the Beast and steer it (Horns and all), in a papal attempt to dominate the Kings of the whole World. For the Babylonish Papacy is “the great Whore that keeps on sitting upon many waters.” It is also “that great city which keeps on reigning over the Kings of the Earth” (as even papal coins proclaim). As the Angel with one of the seven last plagues told John: “The waters which you saw where the Whore keeps on sitting, are peoples and multitudes and Nations and tongues. How existentially relevant all this is, in our own time! For today, the Papacy is again making a most determined effort to gain control of the whole World through promoting both religious syncretism (under her leadership) and internationalism (under her influence). But how comforting it is to know, as Mauro notes, “that God’s hand will be the active agent in it; that He will ‘put in their hearts to fulfil His will and to agree, and give their Kingdom to the Beast’ (the League of Nations or something similar)” such as the United Nations Organization, “until the words of God shall be fulfilled!” [pg. 218]… It should be noted that all such Papal efforts will not prevail! For, some time before the Vatican has achieved her objective of ruling the entire World (as Nimrod of old tried to do in Ancient Babylon) God will pour out the seventh and last vial of His wrath on the Great City and on the cities of the Nations. As a result, the ten [leading] Kingdoms of the international political Beast will rebel against the Papal attempt to dominate them internationally. Thus the Angel said to the Apostle John: “The ten Horns which you saw upon the Beast…shall [start to] hate the Whore; and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire.”
As a result, the ten [leading] Kingdoms of the international political Beast will rebel against the Papal attempt to dominate them internationally. Thus the Angel said to the Apostle John: “The ten Horns which you saw upon the Beast…shall [start to] hate the Whore; and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire. [218-219]… Albert Barnes…”The ten Kingdoms on the Beast would ultimately hate the Harlot and destroy her…. The Nations of Europe embraced within the limits of those ten Kingdoms, shall become hostile to the Papacy….. France…has already struck more than one heavy blow on that power; England has been detached from it; many of the states of Italy are weary of it…. Nothing is more probable than that Spain [and] Portugal…will yet throw off the yoke forever….”Europe needs but little farther provocation, and the fires of liberty which have been so long pent up will break forth…. That storm of indignation which has expelled the Jesuits from all the courts of Europe; which has abolished the Inquisition; which has more than once led hostile armies to the very gates of Papal Rome will again be aroused in a manner which cannot be allayed…. The period will come and that probably not far in the future when those powers that have for so many ages sustained the Papacy will become its determined foes, and will rise in their might and bring it forever to an end…. That mighty power, which has controlled so large a part of the Nations of Europe for more than a thousand years of the World’s History, will come to an end.” …John had described how, as a result of God’s outpouring of the last vial of His wrath, the ten Kings would ultimately turn against the religious Whore called ‘Babylon.’ This Whore we saw to be the Romish-led modern movement toward inter-religious syncretism.” [Pg. 225]
Lee says on page 201,
“Comments Jonathan Edwards: “In this last great opposition which shall be made against the Church to defend the kingdom of Satan all the forces of Antichrist, and Mahometanism, and Heathenism, will be united…through[out] the Whole World…. It is said that ‘spirits of Devils shall go forth unto the Kings of the Earth and of the whole World, to gather them together to the battle of the great day of God Almighty’….”These spirits are said to come out of the mouth of the Dragon, and out of the mouth of the Beast, and out of the mouth of the False-Prophet….There shall be the spirit of Popery, and the spirit of Mahometanism, and the spirit of Heathenism all united. By the Beast, is meant Antichrist…. By the False-Prophet…an eye seems to be had to Mahomet, whom his followers call the ‘Great Prophet’…. Christ and His Church shall in this battle obtain a complete and entire victory over their enemies. They shall be totally routed and overthrown [pg. 201-DS]… Thomas Brightman taught (in 1614f) that the passage Revelation 16:16 to 18:24, marks not the end of History but the fall of Romanism and of Islam. He believed it would also mark the conversion of the Jews, and the erection of long-lasting Christian-international harmony throughout the World. [pg. 206]…Indeed, Papal Rome has even continued in those ancient Babylonian Iniquities. She has also reproduced similarly-iniquitous apostate and Pseudo-’Protestant’ Daughters. Those apostate Pseudo-’Protestant’ Daughters, are Rome’s ‘Fellow-Harlots.’ In fact, even now, she is in the process of trying to become re-united with them.  ”
Let us then expose the Roman-Jesuit led conspiracy against the Protestant Reformation and expose all the Pagan Whorish Roman remnants in our Churches: Thomism, Pseudo Dionysius, Plotinus/Aquinas’ Monad and all its children: ADS, Analogy of Proportionality, Modalism and Hyper Calvinism; Futurism, Preterism, Uninspired Hymnody, Icon Worship, the Organ, Musical Instrumentation in Worship, Pagan Holy Days, Continuationism, Irrationalism, Pelagianism and the like. May we preach the Calvinist gospel unto the masses, unto global salvation. May we preserve a remnant of people to continue the Reformation after the Papacy has deceived the world into coming under its power and the nations realize his evil and rebel against him. May they have a place to turn when all seems to be at a loss. At this point, the Seventh Vial will be poured out upon the Papacy and Islam and the Millennium will be ushered in. Until then, for the Crown Rights of Christ and his eternal Covenant,
“Let the high praises of God be in their mouth, and a twoedged sword in their hand; To execute vengeance upon the heathen, and punishments upon the people; To bind their kings with chains, and their nobles with fetters of iron; To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD” (Ps. 149:6-9). (kjv)
“Christ is also armed with an iron scepter, by which to bruise the rebellious, and is elsewhere described as stained with blood, as slaying his enemies on every side, and not being wearied with the slaughter of them. (Isaiah 63:2.) Nor is it surprising, considering the obstinacy which universally prevails in the world, that the mercy which is treated with such indignity should be converted into severity. Now the doctrine laid down in the passage admits of being rightly applied to our practice, in this way, that what is here said of the two-edged sword, applies more especially to the Jews, and not properly to us, who have not a power of this kind permitted; except, indeed, that rulers and magistrates are vested by God with the sword to punish all manner of violence; but this is something peculiar to their office. As to the Church collective, the sword now put into our hand is of another kind, that of the word and spirit, that we may slay for a sacrifice to God those who formerly were enemies, or again deliver them over to everlasting destruction unless they repent. (Ephesians 6:17.) For what Isaiah predicted of Christ extends to all who are his members, — “He shall smite the wicked with the word of his mouth, and shall slay them with the breath of his lips.” (Isaiah 11:4.) (John Calvin, Commentary on Psalm 149:9)
You may be wondering the identity of the picture atop this article. He is Adolfo Nicolás Pachón, the thirtieth and current Superior General of the Society of Jesus, the largest male religious order in the Roman catholic Church. This is our enemy. Whether you are a secularist or a religious person, it makes no difference. This is your enemy. He wants all of you. He
wants your nation, your money, your labor and your rights and he wants them all under the Primacy of his Papa. Know your enemy. And do not be deceived, the Eastern Orthodox Church is also in league with the Pope. You can read here about the Eastern Church’s apostasy and their flirtation with papal primacy.
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